In this article we will discuss about HTML Interview Questions. I will display 10 most common HTML Interview Questions.
1. What is HTML and what is its purpose?
HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. It is a standard markup language used for creating web pages and other information that can be displayed in a web browser. The purpose of HTML is to provide a structure for the content on a web page, such as text, images, links, and other media.
2. What is the difference between HTML and XHTML?
HTML is a markup language that is designed for web pages, while XHTML is a stricter version of HTML that follows the rules of XML. XHTML requires that all tags and attributes are properly nested and closed, and it uses a stricter syntax for attribute values.
3. What are the basic elements of HTML?
The basic elements of HTML include tags, attributes, and values. Tags are used to define different types of content, such as headings, paragraphs, lists, and links. Attributes are used to provide additional information about the content, such as the size or color of text, or the URL of a link. Values are used to specify the content of an element, such as the text of a paragraph or the source of an image.
4. What is the purpose of the alt attribute in HTML?
The alt attribute is used to provide a text description of an image for users who are unable to see the image, such as those who are blind or visually impaired. The alt text is also used by search engines to index the content of a web page.
5. What is the difference between the div and span elements in HTML?
The div element is used to define a block of content, while the span element is used to define an inline element. The div element is typically used to group together related content, while the span element is used to apply a style or formatting to a small piece of text within a larger block of text.
6. What is the difference between the head and body elements in HTML?
The head element is used to define metadata about the web page, such as the title, author, and keywords. The body element is used to define the main content of the web page, such as text, images, and links.
7. What is the purpose of the href attribute in HTML?
The href attribute is used to specify the URL of a link. When a user clicks on a link, the browser navigates to the URL specified in the href attribute.
8. What is the difference between absolute and relative URLs?
An absolute URL specifies the full web address of a resource, including the protocol (such as http or https), the domain name, and the path to the resource. A relative URL specifies the location of a resource relative to the current web page. For example, a relative URL might specify a file in the same directory as the current page, or a file in a subdirectory.
9. What is the purpose of the target attribute in HTML?
The target attribute is used to specify where the linked document should be opened when the user clicks on a link. The target attribute can be set to “_blank” to open the link in a new window or tab, or to “_self” to open the link in the current window or tab.
10. What is semantic HTML?
Semantic HTML is a style of coding web pages that emphasizes the use of HTML elements that describe the content of the page, rather than simply formatting the content. Semantic HTML helps search engines and other tools better understand the content of the page, which can improve search engine rankings and accessibility for users with disabilities.
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